SOILS AND CLIMATE

The land is uniformly flat in the south-western part of the area, with all the typical characteristics of an alluvial plain, whereas the hilly zone begins with the Motta range at San Bonifacio and, to the east, with part of the Berici Mountains.
The soils in the plain, which are ideal for vine-growing, are predominantly “sandy-clayey” in nature. In fact, the plain is made more interesting morphologically by the presence of rises, terraces and escarpments, but none of them have an altitude of more than around ten metres. The soils are deep, sometimes with a substantial sand content.
The hilly zone is made up of very varied soils, from red earth that has a high clay content to white limestone soil. There are also some soils that are very rich in organic matter.
The morphology of the terrain on which the Arcole DOC wines are produced may be attributed, substantially, to phenomena of erosion and sedimentation, linked principally to the River Adige and, in the second place to the local watercourses: the Illasi, Alpone, Agno, Guà, Frassine and Fratta.
These soils are composed primarily of sandy deposits and to a lesser extent of gravely ones; in certain places, the sandy deposits contain variable proportions of silt. The areas in which silty/sandy rises crop out and develop in various directions correspond to the former meanderings of the river itself.
Whereas the silt deposits that originated in the Lessini Mountains have a browny-reddish hue, those that come from the Adige, on the other hand, have a light brown-hazelnut colour.
In the part of the Arcole DOC production zone that lies in the Province of Vicenza, the Frassine has deposited, over the soils formed during the Quaternary period by the Adige-Sarca glacier, a layer of dark red alluvial terrain that derives from the water erosion of marly dolomite, basalt, porphyry, chalky limestone, etc.
In fact, such soils may be seen just about everywhere in the plain to the south-west of the Berici Mountains.The western hilly zone of the Berici Mountains, between the communes of Sarego, Lonigo, Orgiano and Sossano, is composed of soils coming from calcareous rocks of the Upper Eocene and Oligocene epochs, which, depending on the different amounts of decomposition that they have undergone, have resulted in soils that are very varied in nature. These range from a red type, with lots of clay and little or no calcareous matter, to a type that is predominantly whitish, crumbly, stony, calcareous and arid.
The Arcole DOC area enjoys a reasonably regular, continental-type climate, with very hot, sultry summers and cold, foggy winters.
The highest temperatures are to be found from around 10th. July-10th. August, and the lowest in January.
The variation in temperatures in the course of the year is fairly marked, whilst the fairly limited rainfall is spread out throughout the year.